12 French Bulldog Eye Problems: Recognize & Treat

As a French Bulldog owner, it’s essential to be aware of the unique characteristics and potential issues that can arise with your beloved pet’s eyes. French Bulldogs are known for their adorable wrinkled faces and expressive eyes, but these features can also make them more prone to certain eye problems. 

French Bulldogs typically have round, moderate-sized eyes that are set low in the skull and wide apart. They can have brown eyes and also rare blue eyes due to varying levels of melanin or the possible absence of the Merle gene. However, it is their flat faces and protruding eyes that may expose them to a higher risk of eye issues, such as dry eye, entropion, corneal ulcers, and pinkeye.

As a responsible pet parent, it’s crucial to monitor your French Bulldog’s eyes for any signs of trouble. Be on the lookout for red and watery eyes, squinting, visible marks on the surface of their eyes or excessive scratching. Prompt attention and care can help prevent serious infections or even permanent blindness. 

Common Eye Problems

As a dog owner, regardless of its breed, it’s essential to be aware of common eye problems your pet may face. This knowledge will help you recognize an eye condition, an eye infection, or even an eye disease based on symptoms and seek timely treatment.

Cherry Eye

Cherry eye occurs when the gland in your Frenchie’s third eyelid prolapses, creating a swollen pink or red mass on the inside corner of the eye. In most cases, cherry eye is treated through surgery and pain medication.

Dry Eye (KCS)

Dry eye, or Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS), results from insufficient tear production, which can cause inflammation and discomfort. The incapacity of the eyes to produce enough tears may be caused by cherry eye removal, medications, or congenital issues.


Entropion is a condition where your Frenchie’s eyelids roll inward, causing the eyelashes and hair to irritate the eye. This discomfort can lead to corneal ulcers and trauma, requiring surgical intervention. 


Allergies can cause eye discharge and itching and cause your pet to have red eyes. Consult your veterinarian for appropriate treatment and allergy management. What is important to note when dealing with allergies is to single out the cause of the allergies. This can take some time and a close inspection of the environment and food of your Frenchie. In our experience, certain plants in our garden and sometimes even food have been the culprit!

Corneal Ulcers

Corneal ulcers occur when there is damage to the cornea, such as from scratches, infections, trauma and even chemical burns. Symptoms may include squinting, blinking, and discharge. Corneal ulcers can be serious and require immediate veterinary attention. As a general rule, if you find your Frenchie, or any dog for that matter, scratching their eyes a couple of times a day, pay close attention because it most probably will be indicative of underlying health conditions.


Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is a common medical condition experienced by French Bulldogs. It leads to inflammation, redness, discharge, and discomfort, often requiring treatment from a vet.


Cataracts can cause cloudiness and changes in eye color, affecting your Frenchie’s vision. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent permanent damage and blindness. French Bulldog puppies can be prone to Juvenile Cataracts occurring as a congenital defect, often as a hereditary disease.

Retinal Dysplasia

Retinal Dysplasia is a congenital eye disorder that affects a dog’s vision. It can result in partial or complete vision loss, and there is no cure or treatment available.

Eyelid Tumors

Although rare, eyelid tumors can develop in your pet’s eyes, causing irritation and pain. Monitor your dog for any unusual lumps or growths and consult your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Optic Neuritis

Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve, which can lead to vision loss in French Bulldog eyes. Symptoms include pain and decreased vision. Veterinary care is crucial for timely intervention.


Epiphora refers to excessive tear production that can stain the fur around your Frenchie’s eyes. It may indicate an underlying cause, such as an infection or allergies, which requires veterinary attention.


Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of your dog’s eye. Symptoms include bloodshot eyes, squinting, and sensitivity to light. Prompt veterinary care is necessary to address this painful condition.

Signs and Symptoms

It is essential to monitor your Frenchie’s eye health regularly. There are several common eye issues that can affect these dogs, such as redness, discomfort, and bulging eyes. Familiarize yourself with the signs and symptoms to identify any problems promptly and protect your furry friend’s vision.

Red and Bloodshot Eyes: If you notice your bulldog’s eyes appearing red or bloodshot, this can be an indicator of irritation or inflammation. It may be due to injury, infection, or simply a reaction to dust, causing discomfort in your pet’s eyes. Eye redness should not be ignored as it might progress into more severe conditions if left untreated.

Yellow Discharge and Tears: Occasionally, your French bulldog might have yellow discharge or excessive tearing. This could be a sign of an underlying issue such as conjunctivitis or blocked tear ducts. It’s essential to get their eyes checked for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Squinting and Discomfort: If your bulldog is squinting or displaying signs of discomfort, like pawing at their eyes or rubbing them on surfaces, this might indicate an eye problem. These symptoms may stem from irritation, pain, or even a more severe issue such as corneal ulcers.

Bulging and Swollen Eyes: French bulldogs are known for their large, bulging eyes, which can sometimes be prone to injury or inflammation. Watch for any changes in the appearance of their eyes, such as increased swelling or bulging beyond what is typical for your dog. This could potentially indicate an eye injury that requires prompt attention.

By being vigilant and monitoring your French bulldog’s eyes, you can help ensure their eye health and address any issues as they arise. If you spot any of these signs and symptoms, consult your veterinarian to determine the cause and initiate appropriate treatment.

Prevention and Care

Cleaning and Grooming

To maintain your French Bulldog’s eye health, clean the area around its eye daily. Gently remove eye boogers and tears with a soft cloth or cotton ball. You can also use a sterile wet cloth. It is important to keep the skin folds around their flat-faced and bat ears clean to prevent any bacterial infection. Use a mild, hypoallergenic dog shampoo and carefully clean the wrinkles.

For tear stains, consider using special wipes made specifically for this purpose. These can remove the marks without causing any side effects. Remember to also groom your French Bulldog regularly, as their brindle or white coat may attract pollen and other irritants.

Avoiding Irritants and Trauma

Be aware of potential irritants that may affect your French Bulldog’s eyes. Everyday items such as pollen, dust, and certain chemicals can cause irritation. To avoid irritated eyes, keep your home clean and use pet-friendly cleaning products. 

Another important aspect of eye care is protecting your French Bulldog from possible traumas. Their flat-faced appearance makes them more prone to eye injuries. Be cautious when playing with your pet and avoid situations where their eyes could be impacted.

Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial in maintaining the overall health of your French Bulldog. During these visits, your veterinarian can detect any early signs of eye problems, recommend appropriate eye drops or treatments, or provide advice on how to properly lubricate and care for their eyes. The American Kennel Club also recommends scheduling annual health exams to ensure your pet’s well-being.

By incorporating regular care, grooming, and veterinary check-ups into your French Bulldog’s routine, you can help prevent potential eye problems and keep them healthy and happy.

Treatment Options


When dealing with eye problems in your French Bulldog, medications can often provide relief. For instance, anti-inflammatory eye drops and antibiotic ointment can help reduce pain and swelling and prevent infection. Additionally, if your pet is experiencing dry eyes, tear-stimulating medications may be prescribed by your veterinarian.

Surgical Procedures

In more severe cases, surgical procedures may be necessary to manage your French Bulldog’s eye problems. For example, an ulcer may require surgery, as well as cherry eye, which can be treated by either stitching the gland back to its position or surgically removing it.

Home Remedies

There are also some simple home remedies you can try to help maintain your French Bulldog’s eye health. First, gently wash your pet’s face without using soap or harsh products near their eyes. Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, as it can exacerbate eye issues. If you notice any unusual discharge, squinting, or tearing, it’s important to consult your veterinarian promptly to avoid complications, such as pain or even blindness.

Breed-Specific Factors

When it comes to French Bulldogs, their unique appearance comes with a few breed-specific factors that can affect their eyes and overall health. Being brachycephalic dogs or a flat-faced breed, their eyes are more exposed and can be prone to certain health issues.

First, it’s essential to be aware of the hereditary conditions that can impact your French Bulldog’s eyes. Some of these conditions include cherry eye, dry eye, and corneal ulcers. It’s crucial to pay close attention to your dog’s eyes and consult a veterinarian if you notice any redness, discharge, or discomfort.

French Bulldogs are also more susceptible to brachycephalic ocular syndrome, which is a group of eye problems that occur because of their facial structure. Some potential issues caused by this syndrome are:

  • Eversion of the cartilage of the third eyelid
  • Entropion – when the eyelids roll inward, causing irritation to the eye
  • Distichiasis – extra eyelashes that grow inwards and irritate the eye

It’s essential to monitor your French Bulldog’s eyes regularly and maintain proper eye hygiene to prevent potential issues. Keep the area around their eyes clean and dry, and trim any long fur that could come in contact with their eyes. Additionally, it’s a good idea to have regular veterinarian check-ups to ensure your dog’s eyes remain healthy.

In conclusion, understanding the breed-specific factors affecting your French Bulldog’s eyes will help you care for them better and prevent potential health problems. Early detection and regular veterinary care are key to maintaining your dog’s eyes and overall health in the long run.


As Frenchie owners, it is essential to be aware of the various eye-related issues that your furry friend might face. Some common French Bulldog eye problems include dry eye, entropion, corneal ulcers, and pinkeye. These issues are more prevalent in this breed due to their brachycephalic nature, wrinkled faces, and bulging eyes.

As a responsible pet parent, take the necessary preventative measures and keep an eye out for any signs of discomfort or distress in your French Bulldog’s eyes. Regular veterinary check-ups, along with prompt action if you notice any symptoms, will go a long way in maintaining your pup’s eyesight and overall health. Remember, early detection and proper care can help prevent more severe issues and ensure your French Bulldog leads a happy, healthy life.

Leave a Comment